literary genres and tropes: dystopia;
a form of literature that explores social and political structures. it is a creation of a nightmare world - unlike its opposite, utopia, which is an ideal world. dystopia is often characterized by an authoritarian or totalitarian form of government. it often features different kinds of repressive social control systems, a lack or total absence of individual freedoms and expressions, and a state of constant warfare or violence. many novels combine both dystopia and utopia, often as a metaphor for the different directions humanity can take in its choices, ending up with one of the two possible futures.